Boxing is also called the “fine art”. If you want to learn the sport, the Jab – a fast hit with long range – will decide your destiny in the ring. You’ll use it most often, though it’s a rather soft punch. With Jab, you score more points than beat a knockout. Over 90 percent of the big Muhammad Ali’s hits were jabs. The Jab is to keep the opponent at a distance, give him small stings, make him tired and put him in position for the harder punches.
Part.1 Learn the basics
- Go to the pit position. In this article we describe the left jab. Everything goes the other way around on the right. Place your left foot in front of the right one. The right foot is a little screwed in and points to the opponent. Raise your hands to cover your chin. Turn your elbows inwards, keep your chin down and your hips over your feet.
It is important that the body and hands are relaxed. Bend your knees slightly and lift the back heel. Feather a little and get a firm footing. Make sure your feet are shoulder width apart, your front foot is facing forward, and the back slightly outward.
The hand, which lies on the side of the front foot, hits the jab. He’s being hit right now and you’re closer to him than your counterparts.
- Lean forward and hold your right hand slightly higher than the left. The right covers your chin and defends it while your left waits to strike. If you are taller than your opponent, it is unlikely to hit you directly in the face. So you can take the rights down a bit to have more power and a better view. Otherwise, hold her chin to parry or block blows.
Now you have the optimal stroke position for the jab. He is knocked out of the body and not out of his arm. It is important that you do not jump into the opponent, because you lose your clout. You should feel a light, natural twist. Not more.
- Shift your weight forward and hit. At the same time, stretch your rear (right) foot (but leave it on the ground) and shift your weight to the left, while using the left arm to hit it fast and strong. Bring the left half of the body forward, lifting the left heel a bit. When the hand leaps forward, the body should move forward at the same time.
Keep your chin behind your shoulder. The (left) shoulder should touch your chin so that it is even better protected than in the normal box position.
Hit the jab as if you were going to hit a tube. Keep your elbows inside and in line with your fist and body. No body part should stand out unnecessarily. Otherwise, you’ll just ask for a punch.
- Make sure the palm is pointing down. If you hold the fists on the chin, the thumbs point to you. But when you hit a jab, you turn your fist so that the palm is pointing down and the thumb is under it. Think of a corkscrew movement. This hand movement gives your stroke more power – similar to a whip blow.
Your back fist stays on the chin all the time. She should protect you.
- As soon as your fist hits your opponent, quickly pull you back to the starting position. “Fast” is the magic word. You can either move your back foot forward to enter the opponent’s room, or you can move back and shift your weight to the back foot. But do not move backwards if you hit Jab. Otherwise he has no impact.
Bale your fist just before the hit. Do you too early, you lose strength and speed and waste energy. Relax your fist right after the hit. Go back to the starting position and prepare for your next move.
- Expect a counterattack. When you grow up you should try to land a right straight. If you’re smaller and compact, you’ll need a few jabs to get close enough for a hook or an uppercut. The Jab gets you in position for both strokes.
The jab is not the strongest punch but the most useful – both defensive and offensive. It is an effective blend of power and accurate precision. With the Jab you can interrupt combinations, estimate distances and position yourself for the knockout. He can also quite distract the opponent. Apply it in different situations.
Part. 2 Learn the variants
- Use the Tapper Jab. He acts as a feint. It deflects your opponent, forces him into defensive, giving you time for another attack. You do not need to put much impact energy in the Tapper Jab. Just give your opponent a gentle nudge while you get your rights ready.
You usually nudge the opponent’s glove with your left hand, then use your right hand to make a diagonal slash in the face or an uppercut to the body. On the Tapper Jab you can build a longer combination.
- Use the Double Jab. Your opponent knows what the jab is used for. That’s why you can make him crumble with the Double Jab. He awaits your Jab with his left and then a hard blow with his right. With the Double Jab, you hit him left and left again, without really knowing what hit him.
A double jab can also lessen the confusion of a 1-2 combinations. If you both hit the jab with links and your opponent lets his rights follow, you can block them with your left and answer them in one fell swoop, even if only with a hook. And you can make a double movement – forward, to the side or backwards.
- Use different levels of impact. You can land the jab on the opponent’s face, but not just there. Experiment with high, medium, and deep jabs: high in the face, medium in the body, and deep to hit your opponent in the middle of the body. In the latter, you should bend your knees to prevent hits. In all versions, the basics remain the same.
- Use the counter Jab. If your opponent wants to slap your rights in the face, block them with your right. His left side is now unprotected and you can land a quick jab with your left. Point. Sounds simple but you have to be very quick and relaxed at the same time. And you have to set the counterattack as fast as possible. So do not hesitate!
In this blow you have to pay attention to the legs. Are you planning the counter too much or cramping, you lose speed and energy. Your opponent will be able to read you. Stay with you. If he answers with his right, take his head back and back away if necessary.
- Jab, step back, Jab. If you retreat after the Jab, your opponent misses his target with his right. And then you go back and hit the next jab – and catch him unprepared. You have to be smart and agile. Make sure he does not know what you’re up to. Let’s take a hard hit if it’s without cover.
Part. 3 Avoid rookie mistakes
- Keep your elbow and fist in line. In boxing, the most important thing is that you get as few hits as possible. So if you hit a jab, you have to hold the elbow to the body when you hit it. Your opponent can detect lateral movements more easily than up or down movements. If you wave your elbows around your sides, you’re begging for one punch.
As you move up and down, remember that there is no difference between right and left for your elbows. Keeping in mind that the blow comes out of your body and not out of your hand makes it easier to put into action.
- Do not shift your weight too much forward. The blow comes from the legs, hips and middle of the body. But if you only “push” forward, you will not get any strength behind it. Nevertheless, you should not shift all your weight forward. On a punching bag, it might look like you’re beating so hard. But a real opponent will attack you if you’re standing insecure and stiff.
Weight is not equal to power. Many muscle men go into the studio, pump up their muscles and believe that that’s enough. And then they run out of breath and they drop the cover. Not for nothing are it often the small, narrow boxers who inspire.
Your spine should be like a steel rod. If you keep that in mind, you will ensure a clean shape and technique.
- Do not just rely on your arms. Most of the strength comes from the combination of weight and movement coming from the middle of your body. When you shift your weight forward, you bring it out of your body and bring it into your arm. If you only hit with your arms, then you hit like a girl.
Only the last blow comes out of your arm – out of your hand. Like a lash, the force moves up through the ankles and unloads there – end!
- Pull the punch through. If you are relaxed to the point of hit, with your arm rotating, palms facing down, and shoulder on the chin, you should land a powerful punch. Pull this blow through completely. Thou shalt not beat on or against something, but through. Energy and power of your blow do not end when hit. Use the energy to bring the arm back to its starting position so you can move on to the next point.
- Wait for the perfect opportunity for your Jab. Do not waste energy with air strikes.
- Do not make lazy jab. Lethargy means: too little speed, pressure and will. A good opponent will knock over a sluggish jab and you.
- Practice a heavy sandbag to gain strength. You should hear a loud clap that echoes in the room. If it is not loud enough, let your hand bounce abruptly, with a lot of pressure. Your body weight gives the punch the power.
- Practice speed. The jab is supposed to stun your opponent and make him a little dizzy. It’s not a knock for a knockout.
Swap “left” and “right” if you are left-handed.
- Regardless of where you hold your left hand, never let your rights fall. Even if you hit. A good boxer would otherwise knock you out with a left hook.
- Use the punch to study your opponent’s style. If one is a counter-boxer, he can handle the Jab well and you’ll have to study him longer to knock him out. Errors are paid dearly in boxing.
- If you have landed a good, clean jab, let it follow a right straight or a left hook. In general, tall, long boxers tend to the first variant and smaller, more compact to the second.
- Do the jab if your opponent is one arm’s length away from you. If he is farther away, you are missing too much and wasting energy. If he is denser, he avoids or parries and you are open for his straight right or the left hook (Aua!).
- Even as an amateur boxer you should never beat someone without boxing gloves. Unless your personal safety is at risk. You could cause brain injuries or even death and you could be sued / sentenced.
- Always wear boxing gloves, helmet and mask when sparring.
You need this
- Boxing Gloves
- Bag (optional)
- Claws (optional)